Ŝabele: Malsamoj inter versioj

36 bitokojn aldonis ,  antaŭ 12 jaroj
sen resumo de redaktoj
La fonto de la rivero Shebelle estas adorita de la [[Arsi Oromo]] kaj la [[Sidamoj]]. Ĝi estas ĉirkaŭita de sankta [[arbaro]] de [[junipero]], kiu ekde [[1951]] estis sub la protekto de [[Islamo|islamaj]] Arsi.<ref>J. Spencer Trimingham, ''Islam in Ethiopia'' (Oxford: Geoffrey Cumberlege for the University Press, 1952), p. 260.</ref>
 
En 1989 danke al helpo de [[Sovetunio|sovetaj]] inĝenieroj, estis konstruita la [[akvobaraĵo]] Melka Wakena en la Supra Ŝebele ĉe la [[Montaro Bale]]. Produktante 153 megavatojn, tiu akvobaraĵo estas la plej granda [[Hidroelektra centralo]] de Etiopio.<ref>Lulseged Ayalew, [http://www.mediaethiopia.com/Engineering/Lulseged_on_hydroelectric.htm "Something that We Need to Know about Our River’s Hydropower Potential"]. AccessedKonsultita 20la April20an de aprilo de 2006</ref>
 
<!--TheLa recentĵusa historyhistorio ofde thela Shabelle isestis markedmarkita byde frequentofta destructivedetrua floodinginundaro. TheOni Shabellediras, iske saidla toShabelle haveinundiĝis floodedĉiujn everyjarojn otherantaŭ yearla prior to[[1960aj the 1960sjaroj]]; thattiu decadejardeko hadvidis onlynur twodu devastatingdetrueĝjn floodsinundojn, thenome la ''hidigsayleyhidigsajlej'' inde 1965, andkaj thela ''soogudud'' inde 1966. InEn thela 1970s[[1970aj jaroj]], thela mostplej devastatingdetrua floodinundo wasestis thela ''kabahaykabahaj'' ofde 1978.<ref name=Ayele-35>Ayele Gebre-Mariam, [http://www.nccr-north-south.unibe.ch/publications/Infosystem/On-line%20Dokumente/Upload/AGM_CriticalIssueLand.pdf ''The Critical Issue of Land Ownership''], Working Paper No. 2 (Bern: NCCR North-South, 2005), pp. 35f (accessedkonsultita 19la January19an de januaro de 2009)</ref> InEn 1996, floodsinundoj devastateddetruis threetri woredas''woreda'' inen EthiopiaEtiopio. OnLa 2323an Octoberde oktobro de 1999, thela riverrivero unexpectedlyneatendite floodedinundiĝis inmeze thede middlela of the nightnokto, destroyingdetruante hejmojn homeses and crops in 14 out of the 117 kebeles in [[Kelafo (woreda)|Kelafo]] woreda, as well as 29 of the 46 kebeles in neighboring [[Mustahil (woreda)|Mustahil]] woreda. According to the local authorities, 34 people and an estimated 750 livestock died, with 70,000 affected by the floods and in need of assistance.<ref>[http://www.africa.upenn.edu/eue_web/som1199.htm "Drought and Floods: Stress Livelihoods and Food Security in the Ethiopian Somali Region"] UNDP Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia report, dated November 1999 (accessed 28 December 2008)</ref> Two more recent floods was the ''dawdle'' in 2003, when about 100 livestock and 119 people were washed away, and the flood of April 2005, when about 30,000 persons were surrounded by floodwaters and 2000 camels and 4000 shoats had been washed away by flood; some locals consider this the worst flood in 40 years.<ref name=Ayele-35/>
 
In late April 2005, heavy rains generated widespread flooding throughout [[Somali Region, Ethiopia]] as well as Somalia, and caused the Shebelle River to burst its [[Stream bank|bank]]s. In May of that year, the flooding in the Somali Region alone had caused over 100 confirmed deaths and widespread property damage affecting over 100,000 persons. The floods have also destroyed shelters housing 25,000 Somali refugees in [[Kenya]].-->
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