Listo de plej grandaj vulkanaj erupcioj: Malsamoj inter versioj

sen resumo de redaktoj
!class=unsortable|Ref.
|-
| Guarapuava <!--(P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>< 0.44 wt.%)-->—Tamarana &mdash; Sarusas
| align="right" | {{sort|35|132{{pad|1.7em}}}}
| [[Fendego de Parana kaj Etendeka]]
| <ref name="Bryan et al 2010">{{cite journal |author=Scott E. Bryan|coauthors=Ingrid Ukstins Peate, David W. Peate, Stephen Self, Dougal A. Jerram, Michael R. Mawby, J.S. Marsh, Jodie A. Miller |title=The largest volcanic eruptions on Earth|journal=Earth-Science Reviews |volume=102 |pages=207|year=2010|doi=10.1016/j.earscirev.2010.07.001|accessdate=20 September 2010}}</ref>
|-
| Santa Maria &mdash; Fria
| align="right" | {{sort|36|~132{{pad|1.7em}}}}
| [[Fendego de Parana kaj Etendeka]]
| <ref name="Bryan et al 2010"/>
|-
| Guarapuava <!--P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> > 0.44 wt.%)--> &mdash; Ventura
| align="right" | {{sort|37|~132{{pad|1.7em}}}}
| [[Fendego de Parana kaj Etendeka]]
| <ref name="Ukstins Peate et al 2005">{{cite journal |author=Ingrid Ukstins Peate |coauthor=Joel A. Baker, Mohamed Al-Kadasi, Abdulkarim Al-Subbary, Kim B. Knight, Peter Riisager, Matthew F. Thirlwall, David W. Peate, Paul R. Renne, Martin A. Menzies |title=Volcanic stratigraphy of large-volume silicic pyroclastic eruptions during Oligocene Afro-Arabian flood volcanism in Yemen |journal=[[Bulletin of Volcanology]]|publisher=[[Springer Science+Business Media|Springer]]|volume=68 |pages=135–156 |year=2005 |doi=10.1007/s00445-005-0428-4|accessdate=20 September 2010}}</ref>
|-
| Goboboseb–MessumVulkana volcaniccentro de Goboboseb–Messum centre&mdash; ''Springbok quartz latite unit''
| align="right" | {{sort|39|132{{pad|1.7em}}}}
| [[Fendego de Parana kaj Etendeka]], [[Brazilo]] kaj [[Namibio]]
| <ref>{{cite journal |doi=10.1093/petrology/39.2.227 |title=Etendeka Volcanism of the Goboboseb Mountains and Messum Igneous Complex, Namibia. Part II: Voluminous Quartz Latite Volcanism of the Awahab Magma System |url=http://petrology.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/39/2/227 |last=Ewart |first=A. |coauthor=Milner, S.C.; Armstrong, R.A.; and Duncan, A.R. |journal=[[Journal of Petrology]]|volume=39 |issue=2 |pages=227–253 | year=1998 |accessdate=29 August 2010}}</ref>
|-
| <!-- PAV F- -->Caxias do Sul &mdash; Grootberg
| align="right" | {{sort|38|~132{{pad|1.7em}}}}
| [[Fendego de Parana kaj Etendeka]]
| <ref name="Bryan et al 2010"/>
|-
| [[Kaldero La Garita]] &mdash; ''Fish Canyon tuff''
| align="right" | {{sort|17|27.8{{pad|0.8em}}}}
| [[Vulkana kampo de San Juan]], [[Koloradio]]
| <ref>{{cite web |title=La Garita Caldera|url=http://staff.aist.go.jp/s-takarada/CEV/newsletter/lagarita.html |last=Ort |first=Michael |publisher=[[Northern Arizona University]] |date=22 September 1997 |accessdate=5 August 2010}}</ref><ref name="Lipman" />
|-
| <!-- PAV A- -->Jacui &mdash; Goboboseb II
| align="right" | {{sort|39|~132{{pad|1.7em}}}}
| [[Fendego de Parana kaj Etendeka]]
| <ref name="Bryan et al 2010"/>
|-
| Ourinhos &mdash; Khoraseb
| align="right" | {{sort|40|~132{{pad|1.7em}}}}
| [[Fendego de Parana kaj Etendeka]]
| <ref>{{cite web |first=Eric |last=Cannon |title=4. Petrology – The Mid-Tertiary Ignimbrite Flare-Up |url=http://www.colorado.edu/GeolSci/Resources/WUSTectonics/CzIgnimbrite/INVESTIGATION/SECTION_4/petrology_intro.html |publisher=[[University of Colorado at Boulder]] |accessdate=5 August 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal |last=Best |first=Myron G. |coauthors=Scott R. B., Rowley P. D., Swadley W. C., Anderson R. E., Grommé C. S., Harding A. E., Deino A. L., Christiansen E. H., Tingey D. G., Sullivan K. R. |title=Oligocene–Miocene caldera complexes, ash-flow sheets, and tectonism in the central and southeastern Great Basin|journal=Field Trip Guidebook for Cordilleran/Rocky Mountain Sections of the Geological Society of America |year=1993 |series=Crustal Evolution of the Great Basin and the Sierra Nevada |pages=285–312 |accessdate=18 August 2010}}</ref>
|-
| <!-- PAV G- -->Anita Garibaldi &mdash; Beacon
| align="right" | {{sort|41|~132{{pad|1.7em}}}}
| [[Fendego de Parana kaj Etendeka]]
| <ref name="Bryan et al 2010"/>
|-
| Kaldera komplekso de Indian Peak &mdash; ''Wah Wah Springs tuff''
| align="right" | {{sort|26|29.5{{pad|0.8em}}}}
| Orienta [[Nevado]] / okcidenta [[Utaho]]
| <ref>{{cite journal |last=Maughan |first=Larissa L. |coauthors=Eric H. Christiansen, Myron G. Best, C. Sherman Grommé, Alan L. Deino and David G. Tingey |title=The Oligocene Lund Tuff, Great Basin, USA: a very large volume monotonous intermediate |journal=[[Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research]] |date=March 2002 |volume=113 |issue=1–2 |pages=129–157 |doi=10.1016/S0377-0273(01)00256-6 |url=http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0377027301002566 |accessdate=5 August 2010}}</ref>
|-
| [[Lake Toba]] &mdash; ''Youngest Toba Tuff''
| align="right" | {{sort|03|0.073}}
| ''Sunda Arc'', [[Indonezio]]
| <ref>{{cite journal |title=Late Pleistocene human population bottlenecks, volcanic winter, and differentiation of modern humans. |last=Ambrose |first=Stanley H. |journal=[[Journal of Human Evolution]] |publisher=[[Elsevier|Elsevier B. V.]] |volume=34 |issue=6 |pages=623–651 |month=June |year=1998 |url=http://ice2.uab.cat/argo/Argo_actualitzacio/argo_butlleti/ccee/geologia/arxius/1Ambrose%201998.pdf |doi=10.1006/jhev.1998.0219 |accessdate=5 August 2010 |pmid=9650103}}</ref>
|-
| [[Kaldero Pacana]] &mdash; ''Atana ignimbrite''
| align="right" | {{sort|07|4{{pad|1.7em}}}}
| [[Ĉilio]]
| <ref>{{cite journal |first=J. M. |last=Lindsay |coauthors=S. de Silva, R. Trumbull, R. Emmermann and K. Wemmer |title=La Pacana caldera, N. Chile: a re-evaluation of the stratigraphy and volcanology of one of the world's largest resurgent calderas |journal=[[Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research]] |date=April 2001 |volume=106 |issue=1–2 |pages=145–173 |doi=10.1016/S0377-0273(00)00270-5 |url=http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0377027300002705 |accessdate=23 August 2010 |publisher=[[Elsevier{{!}}Elsevier B. V.]]}}</ref>
|-
| ''Iftar Alkalb'' &mdash; ''Tephra 4 W''
| align="right" | {{sort|27|29.5{{pad|0.8em}}}}
| Afriko-Arabio
| <ref name="Bryan et al 2010"/>
|-
| [[Kaldero Yellowstone]] &mdash; ''Huckleberry Ridge Tuff''
| align="right" | {{sort|06|2.059}}
| [[Varma makulo]] de [[Yellowstone]]
|<ref name="Nelson">{{cite journal |last=Froggatt |first=P. C. |coauthors=Nelson, C. S., Carter, L., Griggs, G., Black, K. P. |title=An exceptionally large late Quaternary eruption from New Zealand |url=http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v319/n6054/abs/319578a0.html |journal=[[Nature (journal)|Nature]] |volume=319 |pages=578–582 |date=13 February 1986 |doi=10.1038/319578a0 |accessdate=23 August 2010 |issue=6054}}</ref>
|-
|''Palmas BRA-21'' &mdash; ''Wereldsend''
| align="right" | {{sort|28|29.5{{pad|0.8em}}}}
| [[Fendego deParana kaj Etendeka]]
|<ref name=Heise />
|-
| ''Sana'a Ignimbrite'' &mdash; ''Tephra 2W63''
| align="right" | {{sort|30|29.5{{pad|0.8em}}}}
| Afriko-Arabio
| <ref name="Bryan et al 2010"/>
|-
| Erupcioj ĉe ''Millbrig'' &mdash; [[bentonito]]j
| align="right" | {{sort|42|454{{pad|1.7em}}}}
| [[Anglujo]], ekspozitaj en norda Eŭropo kaj orienta Usono
| 1,509<ref >Ankaŭ la ejo de {{convert|972|and| km3 kaj 943| km3|cumi|0|abbr=on}} erupcioj.</ref>
| Unu el la plej maljunaj grandaj erupcioj prezervitaj
| <ref name="ward" /><ref>{{cite web |title=Plate Tectonics from the Middle of the Plate |last=Stetten |first=Nancy |url=http://www.nashvillefossils.com/exercises/volcano/volcano.html |accessdate=5 August 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal |last1= Huff |first1=W.D. |last2=Bergstrom |first2=S.M. |last3=Kolata |first3=D.R. |month=October |year=1992 |title=Gigantic Ordovician volcanic ash fall in North America and Europe: Biological, tectonomagmatic, and event-stratigraphy significance |journal=Geology |publisher=[[Geological Society of America]] |volume=20 |issue=10 |pages=875–878 |doi=10.1130/0091-7613(1992)​020<0875:GOVAFI>​2.3.CO;2}}</ref>
| <ref name="Heise">{{cite journal |last1= Morgan |first1=Lisa A. |last2=McIntosh |first2=William C. |month=March |year=2005 |title=Timing and development of the Heise volcanic field, Snake River Plain, Idaho, western USA |journal=GSA Bulletin |publisher=[[Geological Society of America]]|volume=117 |issue=3–4 |pages=288–306 |url=http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/content/abstract/117/3-4/288 |accessdate=22 August 2010 |doi=10.1130/B25519.1}}</ref>
|-
| [[Kaldero Emory]] &mdash; ''Kneeling Nun tuff''
| align="right" | {{sort|33|33{{pad|1.7em}}}}
| Sudokcidenta [[Novmeksikio]]
| <ref name=Bindeman>{{cite journal |last=Bindeman |first=Ilya N. |coauthors=John W. Valley |title=Rapid generation of both high- and low-δ18O, large-volume silicic magmas at the Timber Mountain/Oasis Valley caldera complex, Nevada |journal=GSA Bulletin|publisher=[[Geological Society of America]] |month=May |year=2003 |volume=115 |issue=5 |pages=581–595 |url=http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/content/abstract/115/5/581|doi=10.1130/0016-7606(2003)115<0581:RGOBHA>2.0.CO;2|accessdate=18 August 2010}}</ref>
|-
| ''Bachelor'' &mdash; ''Carpenter Ridge tuff''
| align="right" | {{sort|18|28{{pad|1.7em}}}}
| Vulkana kampo de [[San Juan (Kolorado)|San Juan]]
| <ref name="Lipman">{{cite journal |last=Lipman |first=Peter W. |title=Geologic Map of the Central San Juan Caldera Cluster, Southwestern Colorado |series=USGS Investigations Series I-2799 |year=2006 |url=http://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/i2799/ |date=2 November 2007 |accessdate=6 August 2010}}</ref>
|-
| ''Bursum'' &mdash; ''Apache Springs Tuff''
| align="right" | {{sort|22|28.5{{pad|0.8em}}}}
| Suda [[Novmeksikio]]
| <ref name="Ratte">{{cite journal |first=J. C. |last=Ratté |coauthors=R. F. Marvin, C. W. Naeser, M. Bikerman |title=Calderas and Ash Flow Tuffs of the Mogollon Mountains, Southwestern New Mexico |journal=[[Journal of Geophysical Research]] |publisher=[[American Geophysical Union]] |date=27 January 1984 |volume=89 |issue=B10 |pages=8713–8732 |url=http://www.agu.org/journals/ABS/1984/JB089iB10p08713.shtml|accessdate=18 August 2010 |doi=10.1029/JB089iB10p08713 |bibcode=1984JGR....89.8713R}}</ref>
|-
| [[Vulkano Taupo]] &mdash; erupcio ''Oruanui''
| align="right" | {{sort|02|0.027}}
| Vulkana regiono de [[Taupo]], [[Novzelando]]
| [[Kaldero Yellowstone]] &mdash; ''Lava Creek Tuff''
| align="right" | {{sort|05|0.639}}
| Varma makulo de [[Yellowstone hotspot]]
| 1,000
| La plej lasta granda erupcio en la regiono de la [[Nacia Parko Yellowstone]]
| Last large eruption in the [[Yellowstone National Park]] area
| <ref>{{cite web |title=The floor of Yellowstone Lake is anything but quiet: Volcanic and hydrothermal processes in a large lake above a magma chamber |url=http://www.nps.gov/yell/naturescience/transcriptmorgan.htm |first=Lisa |last=Morgan |publisher=National Park Service and United States Geological Survey |date=30 March 2004 |accessdate=5 August 2010}}</ref>
|-
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redaktoj