Kolombo (urbo): Malsamoj inter versioj

3 108 bitokojn forigis ,  antaŭ 10 jaroj
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'''Kolombo''' (singaleza: '''Kolamba''' aŭ internacie en latinskribaj landoj Colombo) estas la ĉefurbo de insula respubliko [[Sri-Lanko]], havas ĉ. 600.000 loĝantojn kaj situas ĉe la rivero [[Bairalago LakeBaira]]?.
 
Antaŭ ĉ. 500 jaroj setliĝissetlis nederlandanoj, portugaloj, britoj sur la marbordo. La registara sidejo troviĝas ekde [[1982]] en ''Jayawardhenapura'' en la antaŭa areo de Kolombo.
 
La buroa kaj komerca kvartalo nomiĝas "Fort", kie staras ankaŭ la malnova parlamentejo.
 
Grava vidindaĵo estas la Sendependiĝa .. (''Independence Hall'')Ĉambro, kiun oni establis en 1946.
 
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[[Image:Colombo-towers.jpg|thumb|Towers of downtown Colombo]]
'''Colombo''' (derived from [[Sinhalese]] name Kola-amba-thota which means "mango harbour", altered by the [[Portugal|Portuguese]] to honour [[Christopher Columbus]]), population 737,396 (Colombo metropolitan area: 2,234,289) ([[2001]]), is the largest city and commercial center of [[Sri Lanka]].
 
A vast majority of Sri Lankan corporations have their head offices located in Colombo. Some of the industries include [[chemical industry|chemicals]], [[textiles]], [[glass]], [[cement]], [[leather]] goods, [[furniture]], and [[jewelry]]. An [[oil]] refinery is located near the city.
 
[[Image:Colombo_skyline.jpg|left|thumb|250px|Colombo skyline facing west toward Galle Road.]]
 
Colombo was probably known to [[Roman Empire|Roman]], [[Arab]], and [[China|Chinese]] traders more than 2,000 years ago. [[Muslims]] settled there in the [[8th century]] and controlled much of the trade between Sinhalese kingdoms and the outside world. The [[Portugal|Portuguese]] arrived in the [[16th century]] and built a fort to protect their [[spice]] trade. The [[Netherlands|Dutch]] captured the city in the [[17th century]]. The [[United Kingdom|British]] made the city the capital of their crown colony of [[Ceylon]] in [[1802]].
 
[[The University of Sri Lanka]], several colleges, an observatory, a national museum, and numerous churches, mosques, and [[Buddhist]] and [[Hindu]] temples are in Colombo; on the outskirts are two Buddhist universities. The city has some of the best modern infrastructure in [[South Asia]] including the biggest port of the subcontinent.
 
The [[ Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation ]], formerly known as [[Radio Ceylon]], - is situated in Colombo. The SLBC is the oldest radio station in South Asia.
 
On [[January 31]], [[1996]] an explosives-filled truck of the [[LTTE]] rammed into the gates of the Central Bank in Colombo killing at least 86 and injuring 1,400. That turned out to be the last major assault on Colombo by the LTTE. Such events are unlikely to be repeated since the LTTE and the government signed a ceasefire in [[2002]]
 
{| align="center"
<caption>'''Images of Colombo'''</caption>
|-
|[[Image:Colombo-colonial.jpg|thumb|none|280px|Colombo colonial building]]
|[[Image:Colombo-near-station.jpg|thumb|none|280px|Near stations]]
|-
|[[Image:Colombo-street2.jpg|thumb|none|280px|Colombo street]]
|[[Image:Colombo-street.jpg|thumb|none|280px|Colombo street]]
|}
 
-->
== Vidu ankaŭ ==
 
* [[Joseph Colombo]], [[Kristoforo Kolumbo]]
* [[Universitato de Colombo]]
<!--* [[Colombo Stock Exchange]]-->
 
== Eksteraj ligiloj ==
* http://www.vernoncorea.info <!-- Vernon Corea The Golden Voice of Radio Ceylon-->
* http://thecolombo.com/hotel/west.htm Kolombo]
 
<gallery>
Dosiero:Dagoba Colombo.jpg|<!-- thumb|left|180px|_none_|_Dagoba_ in Kolombo (urbo) -->
Dosiero:Hindutempelcolombo.JPG|<!-- thumb|left|180px|_コロンボのヒンドゥー寺院_ -->
Dosiero:Old Parliment at Night - Colombo.jpg|<!-- thumb|left|180px|Malnova _Parliment_ Kolombo (urbo). -->
Dosiero:Town Hall Under Buddah.jpg|<!-- thumb|left|180px|Kolombo (urbo) (Enurba, Magistrata) Koncilio. -->
</gallery>
 
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