Safarida dinastio: Malsamoj inter versioj

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[[Dosiero:Saffarid dynasty 861-1003.png|eta|dekstre|250px|Safarida imperio je sia plej granda etendo dum la regado de Ja'kub ibn al-Lajth al-Saffar.]]{{redaktata}}
La '''Safarida dinastio''' ({{lang-fa|سلسله صفاریان}}) estis [[Islamo|islama]] [[Persio|persiigita]]<ref>''The Islamization of Central Asia in the Samanid era and the reshaping of the Muslim world'', D.G. Tor, '''Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies''', University of London , Vol. 72, No. 2 (2009), 281;"''The Saffārids were the first of the Persianate dynasties to arise from the remains of the politically moribund ʿAbbāsid caliphate''".</ref> dinastio el [[Sistano]] kiu ruledregis oversuper partspartoj ofde [[GreaterGranda IranIrano|easternorienta IranIrano]], withkun itsĉefurbo capital aten [[ZaranjZaranĝ]] (aurbo citynune nowen in southwesternsudokcidenta [[AfghanistanAfganio]]).<ref>''The Cambridge History of Iran'', byde Richard Nelson Frye, William Bayne Fisher, John Andrew Boyle (Cambridge University Press, 1975: ISBN 0-521-20093-8), pg. 121.</ref><ref>''The Encyclopedia of World History'', edeld. Peter N. Stearns andkaj William Leonard Langer (Houghton Mifflin, 2001), 115.</ref> Ankaŭ super Granda [[Greater Khorasan|KhorasanĤorasano]], [[Name of Afghanistan|AfghanistanAfganio]] andkaj [[Balochistan region|BalochistanBaluĉio]] fromel 861 toal 1003.<ref name="Bosworth">[[Clifford Edmund Bosworth]], ''Encyclopædia Iranica'' [http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/saffarids SAFFARIDS]</ref> TheLa dynastydinastio, ofde PersianPersa originorigino,<ref>"''First, the Saffarid amirs and maliks were rulers of Persian stock who for centuries championed the cause of the underdog against the might of the Abbasid caliphs.''" -- Savory, Roger M.. "''The History of the Saffarids of Sistan and the Maliks of Nimruz (247/861 to 949/1542-3).''" The Journal of the American Oriental Society. 1996</ref><ref>"''The provincial Persian Ya'kub, on the other hand, rejoiced in his plebeian origins, denounced the Abbasids as usurpers, and regarded both the caliphs and such governors from aristocratic Arab families as the Tahirids with contempt''". -- Ya'kub b. al-Layth al Saffar, C.E. Bosworth, '''The Encyclopaedia of Islam''', Vol. XI, p 255</ref><ref>''Saffarids: A Persian dynasty.....''", '''Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature''', Volume 2, edited by Julie Scott Meisami, Paul Starkey, p674p 674</ref><ref>"''There were many local Persian dynasties, including the Tahirids, the Saffarids....''", '''Middle East, Western Asia, and Northern Africa''', byde Ali Aldosari, p472.</ref><ref>"''Saffarid, the Coppersmith, the epithet of the founder of this Persian dynasty...''", ''The Arabic Contributions to the English Language: An Historical Dictionary'', byde Garland Hampton Cannon, p288p 288.</ref><ref>"''The Saffarids, the first Persian dynasty, to challenge the Abbasids...''", ''Historical Dictionary of the Ismailis'', byde Farhad Daftary, p51.</ref> wasestis foundedfondita byde [[YaJa'qubkub binibn Laithal-Lajth asal-Saffar]], bornkiu innaskiĝis en 840 in a smallen townurbeto callednome Karnin (Qarnin), whichkiu wasestis locatedoriente eastde ofZaranĝ Zaranjkaj andokcidente west ofde Bost, inen whatkio isestas nownune AfghanistanAfganio - ado nativenatura ofel SistanSistano andkaj aloka local [[ayyar]]''ajjar'', whokiu worked aslaboris akiel coppersmithkupraĵisto (''ṣaffār'') beforeantaŭ becoming aiĝi [[warlordmilitsenjoro]]. HeLi seizedekhavis controlkontrolon ofde thela Sistanregiono regionSistano andkaj beganekkonkeris conqueringplej mostel ofIrano Irankaj and AfghanistanAfganio, assame wellkiel aspartojn partsde of Pakistan[[Pakistano]], Tajikestan[[Taĝikio]] andkaj Uzbekistan[[Uzbekio]].
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The Saffarids used their capital [[Zaranj]] as a base for an aggressive expansion eastward and westward. They first invaded the areas south of the [[Hindu Kush]] in Afghanistan and then overthrew the Persian [[Tahirid dynasty]], annexing Khorasan in 873. By the time of Ya'qub's death, he had conquered the [[Kabul|Kabul Valley]], [[Sindh]], [[Tocharistan]], [[Makran]] (Balochistan), [[Kerman]], [[Fars Province|Fars]], Khorasan, and nearly reached [[Baghdad]] but then suffered a defeat by the [[Abbasids]].<ref name="Bosworth"/>
 
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