Romia Grekio: Malsamoj inter versioj

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==Frua Romia Imperio==
La vivo en Grekio pluis sub la Romia Imperio multe same kiel ĝi estis irinta antaŭe. Fakte la romia kulturo estis tre influita de la Grekoj; kiel [[Horacio]] diris, ''Graecia capta ferum victorem cepit'' ("La kaptita Grekio kaptis sian krudan konkerinton"). La eposoj de [[Homero]] inspiris la [[Eneado]] de [[Vergilio]], kaj aŭtoroj kiaj [[Seneko la Juna]] verkis uzante grekajn stilojn. Kvankam kelkaj romiaj nobeloj regardis la grekojn kiel banalaj kaj malprogresaj, multaj aliaj brakumis la [[Greka literaturo|Grekajn literaturon]] kaj [[Greka filozofio|filozofion]]. La [[Greka lingvo]] iĝis preferata de la edukitoj kaj de la elito en Romo, kiel ekzemple [[Skipio Afrika]], kiu klopodis studi [[filozofio]]n kaj rigardis la grekajn kulturon kaj sciencon kiel sekvenda ekzemplo.
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SimilarlySimile, mostplej Romanromiaj emperorsimperiestroj maintainedmontris anadmiron admirationpor forgrekaj things Greek in natureaferoj. TheLa [[RomanRomia EmperorImperiestro]] [[NeroNerono]] visitedvizitis GreeceGrekion inen ADla jaro 66 n.e., andkaj performedpartoprenis aten thela [[Ancient Olympic Games]], despite the rules against non-Greek participation. He was honored with a victory in every contest, and in the following year he proclaimed the freedom of the Greeks at the [[Isthmian Games]] in Corinth, just as [[Titus Quinctius Flamininus|Flamininus]] had over 200 years previously. [[Hadrian]] was also particularly fond of the Greeks; before he became emperor he served as an [[eponymous archon]] of Athens. He also built his [[Arch of Hadrian (Athens)|Arch of Hadrian]] there.
Life in Greece continued under the Roman Empire much the same as it had previously. Roman culture was highly influenced by the Greeks; as [[Horace]] said, ''Graecia capta ferum victorem cepit'' ("Captive Greece captured her rude conqueror"). The epics of [[Homer]] inspired the [[Aeneid]] of [[Virgil]], and authors such as [[Seneca the younger]] wrote using Greek styles. While some Roman nobles regarded the Greeks as backwards and petty, many others embraced [[Greek literature]] and [[Greek philosophy|philosophy]]. The Greek language became a favorite of the educated and elite in Rome, such as [[Scipio Africanus]], who tended to study [[philosophy]] and regard Greek culture and science as an example to be followed.
 
Similarly, most Roman emperors maintained an admiration for things Greek in nature. The [[Roman Emperor]] [[Nero]] visited Greece in AD 66, and performed at the [[Ancient Olympic Games]], despite the rules against non-Greek participation. He was honored with a victory in every contest, and in the following year he proclaimed the freedom of the Greeks at the [[Isthmian Games]] in Corinth, just as [[Titus Quinctius Flamininus|Flamininus]] had over 200 years previously. [[Hadrian]] was also particularly fond of the Greeks; before he became emperor he served as an [[eponymous archon]] of Athens. He also built his [[Arch of Hadrian (Athens)|Arch of Hadrian]] there.
 
Many temples and public buildings were built in Greece by emperors and wealthy Roman nobility, especially in Athens. [[Julius Caesar]] began construction of the [[Roman Agora|Roman agora]] in Athens, and was finished by [[Augustus]]. The main gate, [[Gate of Athena Archegetis]], was dedicated to the patron goddess of Athens, [[Athena]]. The [[Odeon of Agrippa|Agrippeia]] was built in the center of the newly built [[Roman Agora]] by [[Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa]]. The [[Tower of the Winds]] was built by [[Andronicus of Cyrrhus]] in 50 BC, although it may predate the entire Roman section of Athens. The emperor [[Hadrian]] was a [[Philhellenism|philhellene]] and an ardent admirer of Greece and, seeing himself as an heir to [[Pericles]], made many contributions to Athens. He built the [[Library of Hadrian]] in the city, as well as completing construction of the [[Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens|Temple of Olympian Zeus]], some 638 years after its construction was started by Athenian tyrants, but ended due to the belief that building on such a scale to be [[hubris]]tic. The Athenians built the [[Arch of Hadrian (Athens)|Arch of Hadrian]] to honor Emperor Hadrian. The side of the arch facing the Athenian agora and the [[Acropolis of Athens|Acropolis]] had an inscription stating "This is Athens, the ancient city of [[Theseus]]." The side facing the Roman agora and the new city had an inscription stating "This is the city of Hadrian, and not of Theseus." Adrianou (Hadrian Street) exists to this day, leading from the arch to the Roman agora.
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