Romia Grekio: Malsamoj inter versioj

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==Frua Romia Imperio==
La vivo en Grekio pluis sub la Romia Imperio multe same kiel ĝi estis irinta antaŭe. Fakte la romia kulturo estis tre influita de la Grekoj; kiel [[Horacio]] diris, ''Graecia capta ferum victorem cepit'' ("La kaptita Grekio kaptis sian krudan konkerinton"). La eposoj de [[Homero]] inspiris la [[Eneado]] de [[Vergilio]], kaj aŭtoroj kiaj [[Seneko la Juna]] verkis uzante grekajn stilojn. Kvankam kelkaj romiaj nobeloj regardis la grekojn kiel banalaj kaj malprogresaj, multaj aliaj brakumis la [[Greka literaturo|Grekajn literaturon]] kaj [[Greka filozofio|filozofion]]. La [[Greka lingvo]] iĝis preferata de la edukitoj kaj de la elito en Romo, kiel ekzemple [[Skipio Afrika]], kiu klopodis studi [[filozofio]]n kaj rigardis la grekajn kulturon kaj sciencon kiel sekvenda ekzemplo.
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Simile, plej romiaj imperiestroj montris admiron por grekaj aferoj. La [[Romia Imperiestro]] [[Nerono]] vizitis Grekion en la jaro 66 n.e., kaj partoprenis en la [[Ancient Olympic Games]], despite the rules against non-Greek participation. He was honored with a victory in every contest, and in the following year he proclaimed the freedom of the Greeks at the [[Isthmian Games]] in Corinth, just as [[Titus Quinctius Flamininus|Flamininus]] had over 200 years previously. [[Hadrian]] was also particularly fond of the Greeks; before he became emperor he served as an [[eponymous archon]] of Athens. He also built his [[Arch of Hadrian (Athens)|Arch of Hadrian]] there.
 
Simile, plej romiaj imperiestroj montris admiron por grekaj aferoj. La [[Romia Imperiestro]] [[Nerono]] vizitis Grekion en la jaro 66 n.e., kaj partoprenis en la [[Antikvaj Olimpikaj Ludoj|Olimpikaj Ludoj]], spite la regulojn kontraŭ negrekaj partoprenantaroj. Li estis honorita per venko ĉe ĉiu konkurenco, kaj en la venonta jaro li proklamis la liberon de la grekoj ĉe la [[Istmaj Ludoj]] en Korinto, ĝuste same kiel faris Flaminino ĉirkaŭ 200 jarojn antaŭe. [[Hadriano]] estis partikulare klinema al la Grekoj; antaŭ iĝis imperiestro li estis servanta kiel ''eponima arkonto'' de Ateno. Li ankaŭ konstruis tie sian [[Arko de Hadriano (Ateno)|Arkon de Hadriano]].
Many temples and public buildings were built in Greece by emperors and wealthy Roman nobility, especially in Athens. [[Julius Caesar]] began construction of the [[Roman Agora|Roman agora]] in Athens, and was finished by [[Augustus]]. The main gate, [[Gate of Athena Archegetis]], was dedicated to the patron goddess of Athens, [[Athena]]. The [[Odeon of Agrippa|Agrippeia]] was built in the center of the newly built [[Roman Agora]] by [[Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa]]. The [[Tower of the Winds]] was built by [[Andronicus of Cyrrhus]] in 50 BC, although it may predate the entire Roman section of Athens. The emperor [[Hadrian]] was a [[Philhellenism|philhellene]] and an ardent admirer of Greece and, seeing himself as an heir to [[Pericles]], made many contributions to Athens. He built the [[Library of Hadrian]] in the city, as well as completing construction of the [[Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens|Temple of Olympian Zeus]], some 638 years after its construction was started by Athenian tyrants, but ended due to the belief that building on such a scale to be [[hubris]]tic. The Athenians built the [[Arch of Hadrian (Athens)|Arch of Hadrian]] to honor Emperor Hadrian. The side of the arch facing the Athenian agora and the [[Acropolis of Athens|Acropolis]] had an inscription stating "This is Athens, the ancient city of [[Theseus]]." The side facing the Roman agora and the new city had an inscription stating "This is the city of Hadrian, and not of Theseus." Adrianou (Hadrian Street) exists to this day, leading from the arch to the Roman agora.
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ManyMultaj templestemploj andkaj publicpublikaj buildingskonstruaĵoj wereestis builtkonstruitaj inen GreeceGrekio byfare emperorsde andimperiestroj wealthykaj Romanriĉaj nobilityromiaj nobeloj, especiallyĉefe inen AthensAteno. [[JuliusJulio CaesarCezaro]] beganekkonstruigis construction of thela [[RomanRomia AgoraAgoro|RomanRomian agoraagoron]] inen AthensAteno, andkaj ĝi wasestis finishedfinigita byde [[Augustus]]. TheLa mainĉefa gateenirpordo, [[Gate of Athena Archegetis]], was dedicated to the patron goddess of Athens, [[Athena]]. The [[Odeon of Agrippa|Agrippeia]] was built in the center of the newly built [[Roman Agora]] by [[Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa]]. The [[Tower of the Winds]] was built by [[Andronicus of Cyrrhus]] in 50 BC, although it may predate the entire Roman section of Athens. The emperor [[Hadrian]] was a [[Philhellenism|philhellene]] and an ardent admirer of Greece and, seeing himself as an heir to [[Pericles]], made many contributions to Athens. He built the [[Library of Hadrian]] in the city, as well as completing construction of the [[Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens|Temple of Olympian Zeus]], some 638 years after its construction was started by Athenian tyrants, but ended due to the belief that building on such a scale to be [[hubris]]tic. The Athenians built the [[Arch of Hadrian (Athens)|Arch of Hadrian]] to honor Emperor Hadrian. The side of the arch facing the Athenian agora and the [[Acropolis of Athens|Acropolis]] had an inscription stating "This is Athens, the ancient city of [[Theseus]]." The side facing the Roman agora and the new city had an inscription stating "This is the city of Hadrian, and not of Theseus." Adrianou (Hadrian Street) exists to this day, leading from the arch to the Roman agora.
 
The [[Pax Romana]] was the longest period of peace in Greek history, and Greece became a major crossroads of maritime trade between Rome and the Greek speaking eastern half of the empire. The [[Koine Greek|Greek language]] served as a [[lingua franca]] in the [[East]] and in [[Italy]], and many Greek intellectuals such as [[Galen]] would perform most of their work in [[Rome]].
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