Romia Grekio: Malsamoj inter versioj

40 bitokojn aldonis ,  antaŭ 3 jaroj
==Malfrua Romia Imperio==
During the second and third centuries, Greece was divided into provinces including [[Achaea (Roman province)|Achaea]], [[Macedonia (Roman province)|Macedonia]], [[Epirus]], [[Thrace]] and [[Sparta]]. During the reign of [[Diocletian]] in the late 3rd century, Moesia was organized as a [[diocese]], and was ruled by [[Galerius]]. Under Constantine (who professed Christianity) Hellas was part of the [[prefect]]ures of Macedonia and Thrace. [[Theodosius I|Theodosius]] divided the prefecture of Macedonia into the provinces of [[Crete|Creta]], Achaea, [[Thessaly|Thessalia]], [[Epirus Vetus]], [[Epirus Nova]], and Macedonia. The [[Aegean islands]] formed the province of Insulae in the prefecture of Asiana.
Greece faced invasions from the [[Heruli]], [[Goths]], and [[Vandals]] during the reign of Romulus Augustulus. [[Stilicho]], who acted as regent for [[Arcadius]], evacuated Thessaly when the [[Visigoths]] invaded in the late 4th century. Arcadius' [[Chamberlain (office)|Chamberlain]] Eutropius allowed [[Alaric I|Alaric]] to enter Greece, and he looted Athens, Corinth and the [[Peloponnese]]. Stilicho eventually drove him out around 397 and Alaric was made [[magister militum]] in [[Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum|Illyricum]]. Eventually, Alaric and the Goths migrated to Italy, sacked Rome in 410, and built the [[Visigothic Kingdom]] in [[Iberian Peninsula|Iberia]], which lasted until 711 with the advent of the [[Arabs]].
Greece remained part of the relatively unified eastern half of the empire, which eventually became the center of the remaining Roman Empire, the Eastern Roman or [[Byzantine Empire]]. Contrary to outdated visions of [[Late Antiquity]], the Greek peninsula was most likely one of the most prosperous regions of the Roman Empire. Older scenarios of poverty, depopulation, barbarian destruction and civil decay have been revised in light of recent archaeological discoveries.<ref name=corinth>Rothaus, p. 10. "The question of the continuity of civic institutions and the nature of the ''polis'' in the late antique and early Byzantine world have become a vexed question, for a variety of reasons. Students of this subject continue to contend with scholars of earlier periods who adhere to a much-outdated vision of late antiquity as a decadent decline into impoverished fragmentation. The cities of late-antique Greece displayed a marked degree of continuity. Scenarios of barbarian destruction, civic decay, and manorialization simply do not fit. In fact, the city as an institution appears to have prospered in Greece during this period. It was not until the end of the 6th century (and maybe not even then) that the dissolution of the city became a problem in Greece. If the early sixth century ''Syndekmos'' of Hierokles is taken at face value, late-antique Greece was highly urbanized and contained approximately eighty cities. This extreme prosperity is born out by recent archaeological surveys in the Aegean. For late-antique Greece, a paradigm of prosperity and transformation is more accurate and useful than a paradigm of decline and fall."</ref> In fact the [[polis]], as an institution, appears to have remained prosperous until at least the sixth century. Contemporary texts such as Hierokles' ''Syndekmos'' affirm that Late antiquity Greece was highly urbanised and contained approximately 80 cities.<ref name=corinth/> This view of extreme prosperity is widely accepted today, and it is assumed between the 4th and 7th centuries AD, Greece may have been one of the most economically active regions in the eastern [[Mediterranean]].<ref name=corinth/>
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