Franca lingvo: Malsamoj inter versioj

39 bitokojn aldonis ,  antaŭ 5 monatoj
 
[[File:French in the United States.png|thumb|left|Franca lingvo disvastigita en Usono. Landoj markitaj en helroza estas tiuj kie 6–12% de la loĝantaro parolas francan hejme; mezroze, 12–18%; malhelroze, ĉirkaŭ 18%. [[Franc-kreolaj lingvoj]] ne estas inkluditaj.]]
Laŭ la Usona Popolnombra Servo (2011), la franca estas la kvara<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/acs-22.pdf|title=Language Use in the United States: 2011, American Community Survey Reports, Camille Ryan, Issued August 2013|publisher=|access-date=18a de februaro 2018|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160205101044/http://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/acs-22.pdf|archive-date=5a de februaro 2016|url-status=dead|df=dmy-all}}</ref> plej parolata lingvo en Usono post la [[Angla lingvo|angla]], la [[Hispana lingvo|hispana]], kaj la [[Ĉina lingvo|ĉina]], kiam ĉiuj formoj de franca estas konsiderataj kune kaj ankaŭ ĉiuj dialektoj de ĉina estas simile kombine komprenataj. La franca restas la dua plej parolata lingvo en la ŝtatoj [[Luiziano]], [[MaineMajno]], [[Vermonto]] kaj [[Nov-Hampŝiro]]. Luiziano isestas homehejmo tode multaj manydiferencaj distinctfrancaj dialectsdialektoj, collectivelykolektive knownkonataj askiel [[Luiziana Frenchfranca]]. AccordingLaŭ tola theUsona 2000Popolnombrado Unitedde States Census2000, thereestas are overĉirkaŭ 194,000 peoplepersonoj inen LouisianaLuiziano whokiuj speakparolas Frenchla atfrancan homehejme, theel mostkiuj ofplej anyel stateajna ifstato se la [[Luiziana CreoleLuizian-kreola Frenchfranca|Creolekreola Frenchfranca]] isestas excludedekskludita.<ref name="factfinder.census.gov">[http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/QTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=D&-qr_name=DEC_2000_SF3_U_QTP16&-ds_name=D&-_lang=en U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Summary File 3] – Language Spoken at Home: 2000.</ref> [[New EnglandNov-Anglia Frenchfranca]], essentiallyesence avarianto variant ofde [[CanadianKanada Frenchfranca]], isestas spokenparolata inen partspartoj ofde [[New EnglandNov-Anglio]]. [[MissouriMisuria Frenchfranca]] wasestis historicallyhistorie spokenparolata inen [[MissouriMisuro]] andkaj [[IllinoisIlinojso]] (formerlyiam knownkonata askiel [[UpperSupra LouisianaLuiziano]]), butsed ĝi isestas nearlypreskaŭ extinctformortinta todaynuntempe.<ref>{{cite book |title=Status and Function of Languages and Language Varieties |last= Ammon|first= Ulrich|authorlink= |author2=International Sociological Association|year= 1989|publisher= Walter de Gruyter|location= |isbn= 978-0-89925-356-5|pages= 306–08|url= https://books.google.com/?id=geh261xgI8sC&printsec=frontcover|accessdate=1414a de Novembernovembro 2011}}</ref> French also survived in isolated pockets along the [[Gulf Coast]] of what was previously French [[Lower Louisiana]], such as [[Mon Louis Island]], Alabama and [[DeLisle, Mississippi]] (the latter only being discovered by linguists in the 1990s) but these varieties are severely endangered or presumed extinct.
 
Frenchfranca is one of Haiti's two official languages. It is the principal language of writing, school instruction, and administrative use. It is spoken by all educated Haitians and is used in the business sector. It is also used for ceremonial events such as weddings, graduations and church masses. About 70–80% of the country's population have Haitian Creole as their first language; the rest speak French as a first language. The second official language is the recently standardized [[Haitian Creole]], which virtually the entire population of Haiti speaks. Haitian Creole is one of the [[French-based creole languages]], drawing the large majority of its vocabulary from French, with influences from West African languages, as well as several European languages. Haitian Creole is closely related to Louisiana Creole and the creole from the [[Lesser Antilles]].<ref>Ministère de l'Éducation nationale</ref>
 
French is the official language of both [[French Guiana]] on the South American continent,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.worldtravelguide.net/french-guiana/history-language-culture|title=Guyana – World Travel Guide|publisher=}}</ref> and of [[Saint Pierre and Miquelon]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ciaworldfactbook.us/north-america/saint-pierre-and-miquelon.html|title=Saint Pierre and Miquelon |website=www.ciaworldfactbook.us}}</ref> an archipelago off the coast of Newfoundland in North America.
181 205

redaktoj