Teniso: Malsamoj inter versioj

3 864 bitokojn aldonis ,  antaŭ 2 jaroj
 
===Moderna teniso===
Inter 1859 kaj 1865 Harry Gem, advokato kaj lia amiko Augurio Perera disvolvigis ludon kiu kombinis elementojn de [[rakedo|rakedosportoj]] kaj de la eŭska pilkoludo nome ''[[peloto|pelota]]'', kiun ili ludis sur la [[Kroketo|kroketludejo]] de Perera en [[Birmingham]] en Anglio.<ref name="countrylife">Tyzack, Anna, [http://www.countrylife.co.uk/news/culture/article/79487/The_True_Home_of_Tennis.html The True Home of Tennis] ''Country Life'', 22a de junio 2005</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=The Harry Gem Project|url=http://www.theharrygemproject.co.uk/|publisher=theharrygemproject.co.uk|accessdate=2a de majo 2012}}</ref> En 1872, kun du lokaj doktoroj, ili fondis la unuan tenisklubon de la mondo en Avenue Road, [[Leamington Spa]].<ref name=LTC>{{cite web|url=http://www.leamington-tennis-squash.co.uk/club-history|title=Leamington Tennis Club|accessdate=18a de marto 2008}}</ref> Tie estis kie "lawn tennis" (gazonteniso) estis uzita kiel nomo de agado fare de klubo por la unua fojo. Post Leamington, la dua klubo kiu praktikis la ludon de teniso ŝajne estis la ''Edgbaston Archery and Croquet Society'', ankaŭ en Birmingham.
Anglo Sir [[Peter Breitenbach]] patentigis en jaro [[1874]] sian tenison, kiun li nomis ''Sphairistike'' kaj starigis regulojn. Ĝis nun uzata teniso kreiĝis, kun novaj [[regulo]]j unua teniskonkurse en [[Wimbledon]] ([[Londono]]) en [[julio]] [[1877]].
 
En ''Tennis: A Cultural History'', Heiner Gillmeister malkovris, ke la 8an de decembro, 1874, brita armeoficiro [[Walter Clopton Wingfield]] wrote to Harry Gem, commenting that he (Wingfield) had been experimenting with his version of lawn tennis “for a year and a half”.<ref>[http://www.leamingtonrealtennis.co.uk/history-of-the-game/leamington-and-tennis.html Leamington Tennis Court Club]</ref> In December 1873, Wingfield designed and patented a game which he called ''sphairistikè'' ({{lang-el|σφαιριστική}}, meaning "ball-playing"), and was soon known simply as "sticky" – for the amusement of guests at a garden party on his friend's estate of [[Nantclwyd Hall]], in [[Llanelidan]], Wales.<ref>{{cite magazine|url=http://www.americanheritage.com/content/sphairistik%C3%A9-anyone|title=Sphairistiké, Anyone?|magazine=[[American Heritage (magazine)|American Heritage]]|author=E. M. Halliday|accessdate=2 May 2012}}</ref> According to R. D. C. Evans, turfgrass [[agronomist]], "Sports historians all agree that [Wingfield] deserves much of the credit for the development of modern tennis."<ref name="Perris">J. Perris
(2000) [https://books.google.com/books?id=HA0kwGCARc0C&pg=PA8&dq=lawn+tennis+created+in+19th+century+england+Wingfield&hl=en&ei=bxd-TrH9BsvE8QO04cyXAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false Grass tennis courts: how to construct and maintain them] p.8. STRI, 2000</ref><ref>[http://www.tennisfame.com/hall-of-famers/walter-wingfield Major Walter Clopton Wingfield] International Tennis Hall of Fame. Retrieved 24 September 2011</ref> According to Honor Godfrey, museum curator at Wimbledon, Wingfield "popularized this game enormously. He produced a boxed set which included a net, poles, rackets, balls for playing the game – and most importantly you had his rules. He was absolutely terrific at marketing and he sent his game all over the world. He had very good connections with the clergy, the law profession, and the aristocracy and he sent thousands of sets out in the first year or so, in 1874."<ref name=Wingfield>[http://edition.cnn.com/2011/SPORT/tennis/06/14/tennis.wimbledon.125th.anniversary.museum/index.html "125 years of Wimbledon: From birth of lawn tennis to modern marvels"]. CNN. Retrieved 21 September 2011</ref> The world's oldest annual tennis tournament took place at Leamington Lawn Tennis Club in Birmingham in 1874.<ref>[''Tennis: A Cultural History'' by Heiner Gillmeister]</ref> This was three years before the [[All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club]] would hold its first championships at Wimbledon, in 1877. The first Championships culminated in a significant debate on how to standardise the rules.<ref name=Wingfield/>
 
Anglo Sir [[Peter Breitenbach]] patentigispatentis en jaro [[1874]] sian tenison, kiun li nomis ''Sphairistike'' kaj starigis regulojn. Ĝis nun uzata teniso kreiĝis, kun novaj [[regulo]]j unua teniskonkurse en [[Wimbledon]] ([[Londono]]) en [[julio]] [[1877]].
 
== Poentkalkulo ==
233 929

redaktoj